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Infertility may issue with either you or your partner or a combination of factors that prevent pregnancy.  There are many safe and effective therapies are available that can improve your chances of getting pregnant.


The main symptom of infertility is not getting pregnant. There may be no other obvious symptoms. Sometimes, a woman with infertility may have irregular or absent menstrual periods.


The most common causes of female infertility include problems with ovulation, damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix. Age can contribute to infertility because as a woman ages, her fertility naturally tends to decrease.

In the case of males, the most common cause is poor sperm quality or low/absent sperms

Risk factors

Many of the risk factors for both male and female infertility are the same. They include:

  • Age.
  • Tobacco use.
  • Alcohol use.
  • Being overweight.
  • Exercise issues.
  • Being underweight.


Some types of infertility aren't preventable. But several strategies may increase your chances of pregnancy.


  • Avoid drug and tobacco use and drinking too much alcohol.
  • Avoid high temperatures found in hot tubs and hot baths.
  • Limit medications that may impact fertility.
  • Avoid exposure to industrial or environmental toxins.
  • Exercise moderately. 


  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid alcohol and street drugs.
  • Limit caffeine.
  • Exercise moderately.
  • Avoid weight extremes.


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