Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more fetus develops inside women A multiple pregnancies involves more than one fetus, such as with twin pregnancy.
Pregnancy usually occurs through sexual intercourse but can also occur through assisted reproductive techniques (ART) procedures. A pregnancy may end in a live birth, a spontaneous abortion an induced abortion, or a stillbirth. Childbirth typically occurs around 40 weeks from the start of the last menstrual period (LMP). This is just over nine months (Gestational Age)—where each month averages 31 days. When using fertilization it is about 38 weeks.
An embryo is a developing offspring during the first eight weeks following fertilization, (ten weeks’ gestational age) after which, the term fetus is used until birth.
Signs and symptoms of early pregnancy may include missed periods tender breasts, morning sickness (nausea and vomiting), hunger, and frequent urination.
Pregnancy may be confirmed with a pregnancy test (UPT)
Pregnancy and diabetes can be classified into two categories
one with diabetes before the pregnancy and, one who develop diabetes during pregnancy called gestational diabetes (GDM)
For pregnant women with diabetes, some particular challenges exist for both mother and child. If the pregnant woman has diabetes as a pre-existing disorder, it can cause early labor, birth defects, and larger than average infants. Therefore, experts advise diabetics to maintain blood sugar levels close to the normal range for about 3 months before planning for pregnancy.
When type 1 diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes mellitus is pre-existing, planning in advance is emphasized if one wants to become pregnant, and stringent blood glucose control is needed before getting pregnant. And also requires good sugar control through medicine and insulin during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding.
1) Gestational Diabetes:-
Gestational diabetes is a condition in which a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugars levels during pregnancy.GDM results in few symptoms however, it does increase the risk of pre-eclampsia depression, and requiring Babies born to mothers with poorly treated gestational diabetes are at increased risk of being too large, having low blood sugars after birth, and jaundice If untreated, it can also result in a stillbirth Long term, children are at higher risk of being overweight and developing type 2 DM
Prevention is by maintaining a healthy weight and exercising before pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is treated with a diabetic diet exercise, medicine, and insulin Most women are able to manage their blood sugar with diet and exercise. Blood sugar testing among those who are affected is often recommended four times a day.
Breastfeeding is recommended as soon as possible after birth.
Gestational diabetes affects 3–9% of pregnancies, It is especially common during the last 3 months of pregnancy It affects 1% of those under the age of 20 and 13% of those over the age of 44.
In 90% of cases, gestational diabetes will resolve after the baby is born.
Women, however, are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In future.
Gynecology & Obstetrics
At City Medical & Fertility Center, we believe that preventive healthcare begins with the care of the mother-to-be. We have programs in both gynecology and obstetrics for the prevention and early detection of disorders.
Well Women check-up is designed to detect early evidence of :
- Gynecological diseases.
- To provide contraceptive advice
- Genetic counseling.
- Preconception counseling.
- Menopausal clinic.
- Gynecological cancer screening.
Our expertise on Gynecology & Obstetrics, our specialty that focuses on the research prospectus of the reproductive system in females that includes Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, HELLP Syndrome in Pregnancy, Gallbladder disorder in post and pre-pregnancy, Cosmetology in the vagina, Drug Treatment in Gynecologic Oncology, Sexual Transmitted Disease, Multiple myomas, Cholinergic toxicity, Cholinergic poisoning, biological, surgical, clinical & medical aspects on Gynecologic Oncology, Gynecology, Birth control, Pregnancy Diabetes, Obstetrics, etc
We’re known for outstanding women’s health care. Our gynecologists, obstetricians, and other specialists are experts in their fields — specialists often sought out for their knowledge.
- Obstetrics involves working with pregnant women, including delivering babies.
- Gynecology involves the female reproductive system, treating a wide range of conditions, including sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and chronic pain.